since


since
since
W1S1 [sıns] prep, conj, adv
[: Old English; Origin: siththan, from sith tham 'since that']
1.) [generally used with a perfect tense in the main clause]
from a particular time or event in the past until the present, or in that period of time
We've been waiting here since two o'clock.
I haven't played rugby since I left university.
She left London ten years ago, and I haven't seen her since.
The factory has been here since the 1970s.
It was exactly five years since her father had died.
Since the end of the war over five thousand prisoners have been released.
He lost his job five years ago, but has since found other work.
I left school in 1995, and since then I've lived in London.
ever since
(=all the time since)
We've been friends ever since we were at school together.
She's been terrified of the sound of aircraft ever since the crash.
We came to the UK in 1974 and have lived here ever since.
2.) used to give the reason for something
Since you are unable to answer, perhaps we should ask someone else.
3.) since when?
spoken used in questions to show that you are very surprised or angry
Since when have you been interested in my feelings?
4.) long since
if something has long since happened, it happened a long time ago
I've long since forgiven her for what she did.
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WORD CHOICE: since, for, during, over
Use since to say that something started at a point in time in the past, and is still continuing : He has been living in Leeds since 1998. | We've known about it since May.
Since is usually followed by a time expression ('last year', 'this morning', '4 o'clock' etc) or by the simple past tense. Use the present perfect or the past perfect in the other clause : I have loved movies since I first went to the cinema. |He had been seriously ill since Christmas.
!! Speakers of British English usually say it is a long time/two weeks etc since ..., and speakers of American English it has been a long time/two weeks etc since ..., but both uses are correct : It's weeks (BrE)/It's been weeks (AmE) since I saw Grandma.
Use for when you state the length of time that something has been happening : We have known each other for ten years (NOT since ten years). | I had been waiting for hours (NOT since hours). |I haven't seen him for ages (NOT since ages).
During and over are used when you state the period of time in which something happens or changes : During her first year at college, she had several boyfriends. | Over the last six months, crime has doubled.
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Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • since — [ sıns ] function word *** Since can be used in the following ways: as a preposition (followed by a noun): Everything has changed so much since last spring. as an adverb (without a following noun): She left home in 1993 and hasn t been seen since …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Since — (s[i^]ns), adv. [For sins, contr. fr. OE. sithens, sithenes, formed by an adverbial ending (cf. {Besides}) from OE. sithen, also shortened into sithe, sin, AS. si[eth][eth]an, sy[eth][eth]an, seo[eth][eth]an, afterward, then, since, after;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Since — Sińce Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Since — Since, conj. Seeing that; because; considering; formerly followed by that. [1913 Webster] Since that my penitence comes after all, Imploring pardon. Shak. [1913 Webster] Since truth and constancy are vain, Since neither love, nor sense of pain,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Since — Since, prep. From the time of; in or during the time subsequent to; subsequently to; after; usually with a past event or time for the object. [1913 Webster] The Lord hath blessed thee, since my coming. Gen. xxx. 30. [1913 Webster] I have a model… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Since — may refer to: *its dictionary meaning *Sincé, Sucre Department, Bolivia …   Wikipedia

  • since — mid 15c., synnes, from sithenes since, from sithen (plus adverbial genitive es), from O.E. siððan then, later, after that, originally sið ðan after that, from sið after + ðan, weakened form of ðam, dative of ðæt (see THAT (Cf …   Etymology dictionary


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